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Silvio Gesell
capitalism silvio gesell communism social justice Silvio Gesell interest usury monetarism money friedman

THE NATURAL ECONOMIC ORDER

Translated by Philip Pye M.A. | London: Peter Owen Ltd. 1958

Page

Preface

9


PART I. DISTRIBUTION

Introduction

27

1. Aim and Method

35

2. The Right to the Whole Proceeds of Labour

36

3. Reduction of the Proceeds of Labour through Rent on Land

40

4. Influence of transport costs on Rent and Wages

44

5. Influence of social conditions on Rent and Wages

49

6. More precise definition of freeland

52

7. Freeland of the third class

53

8. Influence of freeland of the third class on Rent and Wages

55

9. Influence of technical improvements on Rent and Wages

57

10. Influence of scientific discoveries on Rent and Wages

60

11. Legislative interference with Rent and Wages

61

12. Protective-Duties, Rent and Wages

65

13. The entire wage-scale is based on the Labour-Proceeed of the cultivators of freeland

71

14. Influence of capital-interest on Rent and Wages

74

15. Summary of results attained so far

77

16. Rent of raw materials and building sites and its relation to the general Law of Wages

78

17. First general outline of the Law of Wages

83


PART II. FREELAND

1. Meaning of the word Free-Land

89

2. Free-Land finance

90

3. Free-Land in practice

94

4. Effects of Nationalisation of the Land

110

5. The case for Nationalisation of the Land

118

6. What Free-Land cannot do

132


PART III. MONEY AS IT IS

Introduction

137

1. How the nature of money is revealed

141

2. The indispensability of money and the indifference of the public to the money-material

146

3. So-called "Value"

150

4. Why money can be made of paper

157

5. The safety and covering of paper-money

179

6. What should the price of money be?

191

7. How the price of money can be measured with precision

193

8. What determines the price of paper-money ?

203

9. Influences to which Demand and Supply are subject

208

10. The supply of money

216

11. The laws of circulation of the present form of money

223

12. Economic Crises and the conditions necessary to prevent them

242

13. Reform of the Note-Issue

244

14. Criterion of the quality of money

255

15. Why the crude Quantity Theory fails when applied to money

259


PART IV. FREE-MONEY, OR MONEY AS IT SHOULD BE

Introduction

265

1. Free-Money

266

2. How the State puts Free-Money in circulation

276

3. How Free-Money is managed

278

4. The laws of circulation of Free-Money

279

5. How Free-Money will be judged

A. The Shopkeeper

285

B. The Cashier

289

C. The Exporter

292

D. The Manufacturer

296

E. The Usurer

300

F. The Speculator

303

G. The Saver

307

H. The Co-operator

311

I. The Creditor

314

J. The Debtor

316

K. The Unemployment Insurance Office

319

L. The Disciple of Proudhon

324

M. The Theorist on Interest

328

N. The Theorist on Economic Crises

336

O. The Theorist on Wages

346

6. The International Exchanges

1. Mechanism of the exchanges

349

2. Stabilisation of the exchanges: Theory

357

3. Stabilisation of the exchanges: Practice

359


PART V. THE FREE-MONEY THEORY OF INTEREST

1. A story of Robinson Crusoe

365

2. Basic Interest

371

3. Transfer of Basic Interest to the wares

387

4. Transfer of Basic Interest to so-called real capital

389

5. Completion of the Free-Money theory of interest

393

6. Former attempts at explaining Capital-Interest

420

7. The components of gross interest

431

8. Pure Capital-Interest a fixed magnitude

436


Appendix


LIST OF WRITINGS BY SILVIO GESELL

443

METHODS OF APPLYING THE PRINCIPLE OF FREE-MONEY

445

PUBLISHED REFERENCES TO GESELLS THEORY

448


 

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